Proportionality and judicial activism : fundamental rights adjudication in Canada, Germany and South Africa / Niels Petersen

By: Petersen, NielsPublisher: New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017Description: 249 pISBN: 9781107177987Subject(s): Political questions and judicial power -- Canada | Political questions and judicial power -- Germany | Political questions and judicial power -- South Africa | Proportionality in law -- Canada | Proportionality in law -- Germany | Proportionality in law -- South Africa | Court of last resort -- Canada | Court of last resort -- Germany | Court of last resort -- South AfricaDDC classification: 342.085 Online resources: Click here to access online
Contents:
Machine generated contents note: Introduction; 1. Judicial review and the correction of political market failures; 2. The normative debate on balancing; 3. Balancing and judicial legitimacy; 4. Proportionality as a doctrinal construction; 5. The avoidance of balancing; 6. Rationalising balancing; Conclusion: proportionality and the review of legislative rationality.
Summary: "The principle of proportionality is currently one of the most discussed topics in the field of comparative constitutional law. Many critics claim that courts use the proportionality test as an instrument of judicial self-empowerment. Proportionality and Judicial Activism tests this hypothesis empirically; it systematically and comparatively analyses the fundamental rights jurisprudence of the Canadian Supreme Court, the German Federal Constitutional Court and the South African Constitutional Court. The book shows that the proportionality test does give judges a considerable amount of discretion. However, this analytical openness does not necessarily lead to judicial activism. Instead, judges are faced with significant institutional constraints, as a result of which all three examined courts refrain from using proportionality for purposes of judicial activism"--
List(s) this item appears in: New Additions March-April 2019
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Based on author's thesis (Habilitation - Universität, Bonn, 2012) issued under title: Verhältnismässigkeit als Rationalitätskontrolle : eine rechtsempirische Studie verfassungsrechtlicher Rechtsprechung zu den Freiheitsgrundrechten.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Machine generated contents note: Introduction; 1. Judicial review and the correction of political market failures; 2. The normative debate on balancing; 3. Balancing and judicial legitimacy; 4. Proportionality as a doctrinal construction; 5. The avoidance of balancing; 6. Rationalising balancing; Conclusion: proportionality and the review of legislative rationality.

"The principle of proportionality is currently one of the most discussed topics in the field of comparative constitutional law. Many critics claim that courts use the proportionality test as an instrument of judicial self-empowerment. Proportionality and Judicial Activism tests this hypothesis empirically; it systematically and comparatively analyses the fundamental rights jurisprudence of the Canadian Supreme Court, the German Federal Constitutional Court and the South African Constitutional Court. The book shows that the proportionality test does give judges a considerable amount of discretion. However, this analytical openness does not necessarily lead to judicial activism. Instead, judges are faced with significant institutional constraints, as a result of which all three examined courts refrain from using proportionality for purposes of judicial activism"--

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